11- year old Indian origin girl surpasses Einstein

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If someone is asked who’s the most intelligent person to have existed on the earth, then quickly, Albert Einstein and Steven Hawking cross our mind. But, meet the young student Kashmea Wahi, who has joined the league of top 1 per cent of the world’s smartest.

Albert EinsteinThis 11-year-old Indian-origin girl in the UK has achieved the top possible score of 162 on a IQ test of Mensa, becoming one of the youngest and brainiest students in the country. Mumbai-born Kashmea Wahi achieved the top score of 162 out of 162. Both Hawking and Albert Einstein are thought to have an IQ of 160. Kashmea, the daughter of IT management consultants Vikas and Pooja Wahi, who work at the Deutsche Bank in London, took the test to prove a point to her parents.

 

“It’s overwhelming to be compared with the likes of Stephen Hawking and Albert Einstein; the comparison is implausible and I believe it would take loads of achievements for anyone like myself to be able to get into the league of such legends. Anyway, I am buzzing with excitement,” Kashmea said.

 

The Cattell III B Mensa test is a well-known international evaluation process and Kashmea stumbled upon it while browsing on her iPad. Cattell III B has 150 questions, often assessing comprehension through passages of texts, with the maximum achievable score being 161 for adults, and 162 for under-18s. The high achiever at school felt it would be a good way to convince her parents to get off her case for not being buried in her books for long hours.

 

“We are ecstatic at Kashmea’s Mensa achievement. Although we always believed she had the intellectual prowess, the acknowledgement is reassuring that she does possess the ability, the energy, which if well channelised, can lead to something wonderful,” her parents said.

 

The student of Notting Hill and Ealing Junior School, in west London, was instrumental in her school team making it to third place in the Oxford Maths challenge last year. She also loves net ball, plays competitive lawn tennis and has competed in national level chess tournaments going on to win medals and trophies. “I can confirm that Kashmea is one of the youngest to achieve 162 in the supervised test as it can only be taken by people over the age of 10 and a half,” a Mensa spokesperson confirmed.

 

This article was originally published in indiatoday.

 

Pathankot attack: Pakistan orders probe & raids, peace talks may get delayed as Delhi waits

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The arrests led Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to order a Joint Investigation Team of IB, Inter-Services Intelligence, Military Intelligence, Federal Investigation Agency and Police to thoroughly probe the Pathankot attack links to Pakistan.

 

Pathankot: Army personnel move in vehicles during the operation against the militants at the Indian Air Force base in Pathankot on Monday. PTI Photo (PTI1_4_2016_000047B)

Pathankot terror attack: Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif has already said that a transparent investigation will be made and those involved will not be spared.

 

 

With National Security Advisor Ajit K Doval leaving for Paris late Monday night and Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar in Male, New Delhi is likely to take a “political call” on the proposed Foreign Secretary-level talks with Pakistan “in the next 48 hours”, government sources said. There is a possibility of the talks being postponed by “a few days or, at most, a few weeks”, a source added.

 

Meanwhile, Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif ordered the formation of a high-profile joint investigation team (JIT) to get more information about the Pathankot airbase attackers, a media report said Monday.

 

Pakistani authorities also carried out raids in in Gujranwala, Jhelum and Bahawalpur districts, during which an unspecified number of people were arrested, intelligence officials said. The raids, sources said, were seen as “positive signs” by the Indian establishment.

 

However, reports in the Pakistani media claiming that phone numbers used by Pakistani handlers were “unregistered” were met with disbelief in New Delhi. “According to our information, Pakistan’s telecom rules do not allow phone numbers to be activated till biometrics are captured. How is it possible that the numbers are unregistered?” said a source.

 

“The leads were shared by the NSA and the security agencies are best equipped to assess the progress made by the Pakistan’s establishment in their investigations. So, by Wednesday, a call will be taken on the Foreign Secretary-level talks,” said a source.

 

Doval is going to France as part of preparations ahead of French President Francois Hollande’s visit to India for the Republic Day celebrations. Jaishankar went to Maldives on Monday and will be headed to Colombo on Tuesday, before returning to Delhi on Wednesday.

 

“It is likely that there will be a conference call between top officials and the political leadership on Tuesday or Wednesday to decide on the future course of action,” an official tasked with preparatory work for the Foreign Secretary .

 

External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, meanwhile, met Home Minister Rajnath Singh Monday afternoon — a meeting described by officials as “routine”.

 

In Islamabad, the decision to form the JIT, comprising officials from the Intelligence Bureau, Inter-Services Intelligence and Military Intelligence, was taken at a high-level meeting chaired by Sharif recently, Pakistani newspaper The Express Tribune said.

 

Sharif “is taking an active role in getting to the bottom of the Pathankot incident”, a source from the Prime Minister’s House was quoted as saying by the paper.

 

“He also discussed the issue with Army Chief Gen Raheel Sharif and took him on board about the decision to form a JIT,” the source added.

 

“This investigation will be a major test of the prime minister to move Pakistan-India relationship forward and to break the cycle of off-again on-again talks between the two neighbours,” the source said.

 

This article was originally published in the indianexpress.

How Much Do Various Countries Contribute To The United Nations Budget?

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The United Nations is the foremost international organization with 193 member countries in its fold. The UN is funded by its member countries and the contribution of each member country is determined based on an assessment done every three years. The assessment takes into account the GNP, per capita income & external debt of countries for fixing the quantum of contribution. The USA contributes the most to the UN regular budget with 22% while India contributes the 25th highest with 0.666%.

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How Much Do Various Countries Contribute To The United Nations Budget?

The United Nations (UN) is an international organization founded in 1945. The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter.

Article 17 of the U.N. Charter specifies that the U.N. General Assembly will determine the basis for payment of the expenses of the organization. The expenses shall be borne by the Members as decided by the General Assembly.

 

What is the basis for deciding the quantum of contribution of each member?

 

Each member state of the UN is obligated to contribute to the UN. The contribution is calculated on the basis of scale of assessments. The Committee on Contributions is entrusted with the job of deciding the quantum of contribution.

 

To determine the scale of assessments, the Committee on Contributions uses estimates of each member state’s gross national product (GNP) and a number of adjustments, including data for external debt and for low per capita incomes. The assessment thus takes into account the country’s share of the global Gross National product with discounts given for low per-capita income and the country’s external debt. This is with respect to the regular budget of the UN. Similar assessments are done for other organizations of the UN including the peacekeeping operations. For deciding contribution to the peace keeping operations, adjustments are made for average per capita GNP compared to global average GNP.

 

The General Assembly has directed that percentage shares range from a minimum of 0.001% to a maximum of 22%, and a maximum of 0.01% for those nations designated as “least developed countries.”

 

Who contributes the most to the regular UN budget?

 

USA’s GNP is approximately 27% of the total GNP of all the member countries of the UN and thus, its highest share of contribution is justified.

Japan contributes the second highest with 10.8%, followed by Germany (7.1%), France (5.6%) and UK (5.2%) in the top five. China contributes about 5.1% and is 6th in this list.

17 Countries contribute more than 1% each to the UN regular budget. 136 countries contribute less than 0.1% each.

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Out of the 193 countries part of the UN, the top 20 countries contribute 84.5% while the other 173 countries contribute 15.5% only. The total budget for the year 2015 is $ 2.97 billion.

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How much does India Contribute?

 

According to the assessment made for the years 2013-15, India has to contribute 0.666% to the UN regular budget. This puts India in the 25th place in the list of highest contributors. Based on the assessment by the contributions committee, India’s contribution to the UN regular budget was fixed at 0.534% from 2009-12 and 0.666% from 2013-2015.

 

India’s contribution to the UN regular budget was 16.97 million dollars in 2012-13, 17.19 million dollars in 2013-14 and 18.07 million dollars in 2014-15. India’s actual share is 19.82 million dollars in 2014-15, but is given a credit of 1.74 million dollars for the income tax exemption extended by India for the UN staff working in India.

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India also contributed to the other UN agencies like the UNDP, UNICEF, UNEP etc. India’s contribution to UN peacekeeping operations was fixed at 0.1068% for the period 2009-12 and at 0.1332% for the period 2013-15.

 

This article was originally published in The Logical Indians Blog,We don’t own any copyrights of this article.